Know about Knee Replacement Surgery

It's about what is the complete process of knee joint replacement surgery. Why it's needed? What is Knee Joint Replacement?
Knee joint replacement is a procedure that involves replacing an injured or ailing knee with an artificial joint, or prosthesis.
The prosthesis is made of metal alloys, plastics, and polymers. It mimics the function of a knee. When selecting a prosthetic knee, your best orthopaedic surgeon will take into account your:
• age
• weight
• activity level
• overall health
What is the purpose of a Knee Joint Replacement?
Damage from arthritis is the most common reason for knee joint replacement. This includes both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Doctors usually only recommend knee replacement after other, less invasive treatments have failed. First-line treatment options include:
• weight loss
• medications
• physical therapy
• assistive devices, such as a cane or a knee brace
Key factors in determining if you’re a good candidate for knee joint replacement include:
• how much your knee pain interferes with daily activities, such as walking or climbing stairs
• if your knee is deformed, bows, or “blows out” regularly
• your age
• your overall health







Knee surgery is a typical treatment for people over the age of 55. Younger people who have their knees replaced may outlive their artificial knees and may need a revision.
Doctors evaluate each candidate for knee replacement surgery on an individual basis.

How do you prepare for Knee Joint Replacement?
Before surgery, your doctor will assess your overall health and anesthesia risks. This evaluation will include:
• a full medical history
• a physical examination
• blood tests
• X-rays
• other imaging tests

Best orthopaedic doctor will ask you for your complete medical history, including any prior surgeries and ongoing health conditions you have. Tell your doctor about any medication you’re taking including over-the-counter medicines and nutritional supplements. You may have to stop taking some or all of them before your surgery.
Also, tell your doctor if you’ve ever had an allergic reaction to anesthesia. Your doctor will review your anesthesia options based on your preferences and what they think is appropriate for your situation. This could include general anesthesia, which means you’re asleep during surgery. Or, you may receive anesthesia in your spine, which leaves you awake but pain-free from the waist down.
You can expect to walk with the aid of crutches or a walker for several weeks. Before surgery, you should prepare your home to accommodate your recovery:
• You may need to install handles in showers and around the toilet.
• It’s good to have a chair and footrest available so you can elevate your leg.
• If possible, keep your living space on the first floor if you have a multistory house.
Your doctor and surgical team will give you full instructions on how to best prepare for surgery. It’s important to follow those instructions as closely as possible.

What happens after Knee Joint Replacement?
After surgery, your leg will feel stiff. You’ll experience some pain. Receiving painkillers through your vein, or intravenously, can help manage this pain. You may receive long-acting local anesthetics at the time of surgery or possibly a nerve block to help with postoperative pain. You’ll also receive medication to prevent your blood from clotting.

Most people begin physical therapy the day of surgery or day after their surgery to promote blood flow to the tissues around the new knee. Your surgeon may recommend using a continuous-passive-motion machine. This is a special brace-like device that continuously moves your knee in a gentle bending motion.
Your surgeon will let you know when it’s best to leave the hospital. This is based on the results of the surgery and your condition.
Following your surgery, you’ll undergo considerable physical therapy. Your surgeon and physical therapy team will design a program that’s right for you.


By: Ortho Treatment

Best Orthopedic Surgeon in Delhi

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Article Tags: Best Joint Replacement Surgeon in Delhi , Best Joint Replacement Surgeon , Knee joint replacement

Submitted On Feb 06, 2019. Viewed 32 times.

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