Culture of Indonesia

Tongkonan and Traditions Toraja – Indonesia is a country that has a variety of ethnic groups, from the west end to the east end. Each ethnic group in Indonesia has a different life pattern.

The pattern of life is what makes Indonesia become rich in culture and diversity. Included in the diversity include ethnicity, social systems, kinship systems, customs, culture and beliefs held by each tribe.

When viewed from western Indonesia you can find Malay, Kubu, Batak, Mentawai ethnic groups that have cultural characteristics. Meanwhile, when crossing the western part, it can be found Bedouin, Javanese, Dayak tribes with a diversity of local wisdom. Whereas in the eastern part of Indonesia, you can find Bugis, Bima, Papua, Tana Toraja tribes which also have cultural authenticity. Of the many tribes in Indonesia, there are tribes that have unique life patterns, and are different from the others, namely the Tana Toraja tribe.

The Toraja tribe is the result of an acculturation process between local (native) inhabitants who inhabit the mainland of South Sulawesi and migrants, the majority of whom are migrants or immigrants from Tongkin Bay (mainland China).

The acculturation process between the two communities began with the anchoring of a large number of Indo-Chinese immigrants around the headwaters located in the Enrekang area.

Tongkonan Traditional House of Toraja

Buildings or architecture, ranging from building traditional houses called Tongkonan to the cemetery building.

Tongkonan traditional house is a typical traditional house of South Sulawesi which has a unique shape similar to the shape of a boat from the kingdom of China in ancient times. Tongkonan traditional house has another function besides being a house.

In their culture, the tongkonan house is considered a mother, while alang sura (rice barn) is her father. So do not be surprised if you visit Tana Toraja will see a row of traditional tongkonan houses facing each other with Alang Sura. This is because the community considers Alang Sura and the tongkonan house to be their husband.

In addition, the tongkonan house is divided into three types, namely the laying tongkonan which is the highest place of authority generally used as a place of government. Second, the tongkonan pekamberan which is a house belonging to family members who have authority in local customs and traditions. While the third, tongkonan batu which is a traditional house that is specifically owned by ordinary people. The architecture or characteristics of the tongkonan house itself is adjusted or follows the model of the village where the house was built.

Unique traditions in Tana Toraja

Local wisdom of the Toraja tribe and other unique traditions of Tana Toraja and included in the uniqueness of this tribe is that the culture is so thick and still survives today, especially in terms of the ritual of death and burial of people who have died. There are various types of graves in Tana Toraja, including:

By: kearifan lokal

Then the immigrants built their settlements in this area. Tana Toraja tribe who settled in the mountains in the northern part of South Sulawesi, Indonesia.

The population of the tribe is estimated to be around 650,000 people, with 450,000 of the population still residing in Tana Toraja district.

The majority of the religions of the Toraja tribe are Christian, while the majority adheres to the Islamic religion and animistic beliefs, known as Aluk To Dolo.

From the government of the State of Indonesia itself has recognized that the belief is part of the Hindu Dharma religion.

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Submitted On Jul 20, 2021. Viewed 15 times.

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